Radioactive decay and absolute dating process consolidating financial statements
Evolutionists say earth’s radioactive material evolved in stars and their exploded debris.Billions of years later, the earth formed from that debris.To see why A carbon-12 atom’s mass is exactly 12.000000 AMU—by definition.In building a carbon-12 atom from 6 protons, 6 neutrons, and 6 electrons: Loss of Mass (m) = 12.098940 - 12.000000 = 0.098940 AMU Gain of Binding Energy (E) = 0.098940 AMU c Figure 3: Binding Energy.Today, earth has 94 naturally occurring chemical elements..If we could break a carbon-12 atom apart and “weigh” each of its six protons, six neutrons, and six electrons, the sum of their masses would be 12.098940 AMU—which is 0.098940 AMU heavier than the carbon-12 atom itself.If two deuterium nuclei merge to become helium, 2.2 Me V 2.2 Me V of binding energy are replaced by helium-4’s average binding energy of 7.1 Me V per nucleon, or a total of 4 x 7.1 Me V. Fission (as well as fusion) can be sustained only if energy is released to drive more fission (or fusion). It is also the energy required to break (unbind) a nucleus into separate protons and neutrons.The closer the mass of a nucleus is to the mass of an iron or nickel nucleus (60 AMU), the more binding energy that nucleus has per nucleon.
When fission happens spontaneously—without being hit—it is a type of decay.
All are carbon, because they have 6 protons, but respectively, they have 6, 7, and 8 neutrons—or 12, 13, and 14 nucleons.
The number of protons determines the chemical element; the number of neutrons determines the isotope of the element.
In an atom bomb, uranium or plutonium nuclei split (fission).
In a hydrogen bomb, hydrogen nuclei merge (fuse) to become helium.
, a type of decay, is beta decay in reverse; that is, an atom’s electron enters the nucleus, combines with a proton, and converts it into a neutron.