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Dublin prospered as a trade centre, despite an attempt by King Robert I of Scotland to capture the city in 1317.
Beginning in the 9th and 10th century, there were two settlements which later became the modern Dublin.
The area of Dublin Bay has been inhabited by humans since prehistoric times, but the writings of Ptolemy (the Greco-Roman astronomer and cartographer) in about AD 140 provide possibly the earliest reference to a settlement there.
He called the settlement Eblana polis (Greek: Dublin celebrated its 'official' millennium in 1988, meaning that the Irish government recognised 988 as the year in which the city was settled and that this first settlement would later become the city of Dublin.
Other localities in Ireland also bear the name Duibhlinn, variously anglicized as Devlin, Historically, scribes using the Gaelic script wrote bh with a dot over the b, rendering Duḃlinn or Duiḃlinn.
Those without knowledge of Irish omitted the dot, spelling the name as Dublin.It was upon the death of Muirchertach Mac Lochlainn in early 1166 that Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair, King of Connacht, proceeded to Dublin and was inaugurated King of Ireland without opposition.