5 facts about dating violence
Types of domestic abuse include physical, verbal (also called emotional, mental, or psychological abuse), sexual, economic/financial, and spiritual abuse. Stalking and cyber-stalking are also forms of intimate partner abuse. Fear and anxiety are normal evolved responses in both humans and animals, and physical responses are linked to the "fight-or-flight" system.Excessive anxiety that causes distress or impairment, or that interferes with normal function, is considered an anxiety disorder.Sexual abuse refers to any behavior that uses sex to control or demean the victim, like intimidating the victim into engaging in unsafe sex or sexual practices in which he or she does not want to participate. Economic or financial abuse is described as limiting the victim's financial freedom or security.
This abuse puts victims in danger of practicing risky sexual behavior, unhealthy eating, drug use, and suicidal behaviors. Child custody determinations in cases involving intimate partner violence: a human rights analysis. "Support groups for women with abusive partners: a review of the empirical evidence." National Resource Center on Domestic Violence.
Media reporting of celebrities' domestic abuse victimization demonstrates that even the most accomplished individuals can be involved in this problem. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Violence Against Women Office.